One of the most common tricks in chess is the famous "Napoleonic” checkmate. From its name we can easily understand that it was named after the French general Napoleon Bonaparte, who used to call himself emperor and also invented it.
Besides being a good military man, Napoleon also had the fame of a powerful checker, because many believed that he could apply in chess the rules of war, as he did with real soldiers.
Starting from the initial position, Napoleon prepared a quick attack against the opponent king. For this reason, he brought immediately in the game his most powerful pawn in chess, the queen.
1.e4 e5 2.QH5
This movement creates a powerful threat, meaning the loss of the pawn e5. The player with the black pawns tries to cover it immediately.
Napoleon creates a new threat, this time on the diagonal instead of the horizontal level. The black pawns must now play either 3…h6, in order to close the attack line or to support Pg7 with 3…Qg6 or 3…Qg7.
Destruction! Instead of being careful with his weakness, the player with the black pawns cares only for his attack and threatens the opponent queen. The punishment is direct.
The triumph of power over weakness is completed. The great commander was won again!
Napoleon had won innumerable games with this trick and became famous for it. Nowadays, his idea has become so well known that many people call it "checkmate for beginners” or even better "checkmate of the shepherd' ", which means that it is known even to those who live isolated in the mountains!
In reality, this strategy proves that Napoleon was not such a good checker. He won only because the defending part played very bad and was not at all careful regarding his basic threat. It is not probably accidental that Napoleon won many important battles with quick and decisive attacks, but suffered certain overwhelming defeats when he underestimated the resistance capabilities of his opponents.